INICIO / Sistemas de Análisis Social²

Sistemas de Análisis Social²

Si desea conocer las actividades del proyecto internacional, visite el sitio SAS² Internacional.


logotipo SAS² Internacional

Guía de los Sistemas de Análisis Social

SAS2 A Guide to Collaborative Inquiry and Social Engagement


Social Analysis Systems2 (SAS2) represents a significant international effort to address central issues in the creation and mobilization of knowledge for social change. The guiding principle is that dialogue and collaborative inquiry have become crucial for local and global development. Humanity can no longer rely on solutions engineered by private interests and experts alone. Social issues must be addressed socially and the insights that emerge fully integrated into processes of knowledge production, planning, and decision-making.

Part 1 of the Guide outlines the concepts and 'skillful means' that form the basis of the SAS² contribution to action research. It also provides detailed guidelines to ground collaborative inquiry in the projects, plans and activities of multiple stakeholders.

Part 2 of the Guide presents a selection of tools for collaborative inquiry and and step-by-step instructions for stakeholder analysis, problem assessment and visioning. Examples are provided of action research in the Global South, with a focus on local economic development, environment, and project evaluation. To buy the book, visit The book is also available at the Carleton University Bookstore (Ottawa). To download or view the book online, visit IDRC.

To buy the book, visit The book is also available at the Carleton University Bookstore (Ottawa).

To download or view the book online, visit IDRC

Un enfoque diferente de monitoreo y evaluación

SAS² shows how to design evidence-based and people-based inquiries that address the questions that people ask, at the right time and with the proper tools. The questions may be part of a problem or needs assessment, a strategic planning exercise, a risk assessment or a feasibility study. Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) questions such as “What are the results or impacts of our program or project thus far?”, or “How well is the program or project using its resources?” can also be answered using SAS² concepts and tools. As with any SAS² inquiry, the skills needed to ask and answer M&E questions for a certain context include knowing how to ground the inquiry in a real learning process, select the correct techniques, scale the inquiry to the right level, and mediate different views of the M&E process and its findings.

While M&E plays an important role in many projects and programs, we believe that efforts to create comprehensive M&E methods that work in all contexts are misguided. The SAS² approach to M&E, outlined in the attached, does not treat M&E as a special form of inquiry that requires established concepts or special bundles of techniques. Instead, it defines M&E as any inquiry that addresses, at any time, the relationship between planned action and observed results. From this viewpoint, there are no M&E frameworks or methods per se, only M&E questions. Any tool or technique, whether it’s a soil test or a conflict assessment using local stories, can be used to monitor or evaluate relationships between planned action and observed results, provided it is the right technique to answer the right question at the right time. SAS2-M&E

SAS² Bolivia

Sistemas de Análisis Social (SAS²) es un proyecto que se desarrolla internacionalmente con puntos focales de desarrollo en Honduras, Nepal, India, Canadá y Bolivia; parte del trabajo que viene desarrollando hace varios años el Dr. Jacques Chevalier. En Bolivia, este proyecto es el resultado de la colaboración entre diversas instituciones, especialmente la Universidad de Carleton (Canadá), el IDRC (Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo) y el CEBEM (Centro Boliviano de Estudios Multidisciplinarios).


¿Cuáles son nuestros objetivos en Bolivia?

  • Aplicar las herramientas y las metodologías del SAS² en procesos de investigación concretos
  • Crear y administrar un soporte multimedia para difundir el proyecto, productos y logros
  • Capacitar recursos humanos en la metodología del SAS²
  • Sistematizar las experiencias de formación (capacitación) e investigación realizadas en el CEBEM

Estos cuatro objetivos centrales planteados para el proyecto en Bolivia están ligados a un quinto objetivo que engloba a los demás:

  • La conformación y el apoyo para el desarrollo de una "Comunidad de Prácticas Profesionales en Bolivia", cuya base se encuentra en la práctica y utilización de las herramientas del SAS² así como en la sistematización permanente de las experiencias de uso del sistema.


  • Proyecto de Investigación sobre Recursos Forrajeros y Praderas Naturales en la provincia Velasco (Chiquitanía)
  • Guía Participativa para el Desarrollo Local